The world of medicine will forever remain in an evolutionary state. New diseases and viruses keep originating every day and therefore studies and developing in the field of medicine will never stop. Also, even in today’s world, there are diseases which have no cure however, breakthrough are made on a daily basis. There are some crucial medical discoveries, without which the today’s medical technologies, discoveries, breakthroughs, and cures would not exist.
The following crucial medical discoveries are not even close to recent. The discoveries were made quite a long time ago, but remain important to the field to date. Read on to find out more.
The first on our list of crucial medical discoveries is anesthesia without which painless surgeries would have been an impossibility. Think of amputations and critical surgeries of today, and imagine one having to go through them without senses being numbed. That is how it was done in the 1800s until the late 19th century, Karl Koller isolated the first anesthetic. It was cocaine. Later, chloroform was used to deaden the senses however, both these had serious side effects. Fortunately, rather thankfully, today’s anesthetics are both safe and effective, and allow for painless surgeries.
This is one of the most vital medical procedure which aids in everything from picturing broken bones, help with child birth, and to determine internal damage and bleeding etc. Before this particular discovery, there was no way to help with the aforementioned situations and it was all a guessing game, quite frequently ending in deaths of the patients. It was on 8th November of year 1895, when inventor Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen discovered production of unusual images by his cathode ray tube. A week later, he was able to perform the first x-ray on his wife’s had. He named the process x-ray, with ‘x’ being the unknown. He was awarded a Nobel Prize for this discovery in 1901.
Smallpox, a long time ago, used to be a terrible disease, taking lives in the millions. Owing to the discovery of this vaccination, the disease has pretty much been annihilated; the last reported case was in 1977. The disease has taken close to 30 million lives worldwide. This particular vaccine was discovered by Edward Jenner. He learned that a milkmaid was immune to smallpox because she had been exposed to cowpox. Edward Jenner successfully isolated cowpox, and used it to form this vaccine.
This marvel of a discovery is used, on a daily basis, by diabetics. It is a life-saving hormone that keeps the blood sugar levels in constant check. Insulin was first isolated in 1921 by a group of scientists from the University of Toronto. They were awarded a Nobel Prize for their work. Leonard Thompson, a 14-year-old boy, was the first human to receive insulin. He survived another 13 years after the second dose. Diabetes Type 1 used to be fatal in the early days. But now that we have insulin, diabetes can be control and managed. There is still no cure however.
Lastly on our list of crucial medical discoveries, is DNA. It is who we are, what we are primarily composed of. It contains information about the human body that no one could even dream to learn without the its discovery – from our eye color, to hair, and to bone structure to genetic diseases. Furthermore, it is DNA which helps a great deal in solving crimes. It was due to the effort of many scientists that we can now work with DNA. DNA offers excellent insight into what we are made of, and our ancestry etc. Francic Crick and James Watson were the first who produced a model of DNA, and therefore, won a Nobel Prize.
If you would like to add to this list of crucial medical discoveries, feel free to comment below. We hope you enjoyed the read. Come back every weekend for more such lists.You can follow us on Facebook, Twitter, or Google+ for more updates. Otherwise fill in the subscription box above, or subscribe to our RSS Feed.