Civilizations existed long before we could guess. Cities that are quite popular today stood the test of time for thousands of centuries. Their significance? They are a reflection of the positive and negative within the human civilization. These old cities offer more amazing stories than we could gather in a hundred lifetimes, and the architecture is simply marvelous. The oldest cities of the world have a lot to offer in terms of aesthetics, history and the way our ancestors may have lived.
Of course, there are disagreements over the age of the cities, but certain archeological developments have brought us quite close to being almost certain. Without further ado, here are five of the oldest cities of the world.
The first on our list of oldest cities of the world is Susa, in Iran. The earliest settlement has been recorded in 4,000 BC. It lies an estimate of 25 miles south of Beirut and is perhaps the most important of Phoenician cities. It was the base that allowed the Phoenician’s Mediterranean empire grew. It is believed that both Jesus and St. Paul have visited these plains. Alexander the Great captured this city in 333 BC.
The earliest settlements are said to have existed within the city around 4,200 BC. It was the capital city of the Elamite Empire before it was captured by Assyrians. Later, the city went to Achaemenid Persian under Cyrus the Great. The modern city is now called Shush and has a population of 65,000.
Unfortunate is the situation in Syria these days. The city of Damascus has been home to several settlements since 4,300 BC. It is also believed to be the oldest city in the world by some arguing that it may have been inhabited since 10,000 BC. Common knowledge however dictates that it became a settlement upon Aramaeans’ arrival. He formed a network of canals which are still in use today. The city served as another great conquest of Alexander the Great. Since then, the city has been in the possession of Romans, Arabs and Ottomans.
The earliest settlements in Byblos, Lebanon date back to 5,000 BC. The name was given to the city by the Greeks. They would import papyrus from the city. The ancient Phoenician temples, Byblos Castle, and St. John Baptist Church are only a few of the attractions that the city offers.
The last on our list of oldest cities of the world is Jericho which lies in the Palestinian Territories. Without disagreements, the earliest known settlements in this city date back to 9,000 BC. Archaeologists claim to have unearthed the remains of 20 successive settlements in this city; those settlements date back to 11,000 years ago. Jericho lies near the Jordan River in the West Bank and it is home to around 20,000 people.
If you would like to add to this list oldest cities of the world, feel free to comment below. We hope you enjoyed the read. Come back every weekend for more such lists.You can follow us on Facebook, Twitter, or Google+ for more updates. Otherwise fill in the subscription box above, or subscribe to our RSS Feed.